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Author: Georgina Harvey, Dermatology Registrar, Adelaide, Australia. DermNet New Zealand Editor in Chief: Hon A/Prof Amanda Oakley, Dermatologist, Hamilton, New Zealand. Copy editor: Maria McGivern. March 2017.
卡瓦工厂是黑胡椒家族的成员（Piper methysticum）传统上用于南太平洋以制造一个psychotropic在文化仪式中消耗的饮料以及社交 - 饮料也被称为Kava [1-3]。
Kava is made by infusing the dried roots of the kava plant in water, or less commonly, in coconut milk .
|Kava root byMark Heard on Flickr||Preparing kava byDave Lonsdale on Flickr|
Kava Dermopathy是一种皮肤病，发生在经常消耗Kava 的患者中。在斐济，Kava Dermopathy被称为Kanikani ，而在澳大利亚，它也被称为鳄鱼皮。
Kava dermopathy occurs in people who are regular or heavy consumers of kava [2,3].
The cause of kava dermopathy is unknown; however, there are many hypotheses including :
Kava dermopathy is usually a clinical diagnosis, taking into account the physical features and the history, including a history of regular kava consumption, in addition to the resolution of the rash on thecessation卡瓦消费。
Other ichthyotic disorders may appear similar to kava dermopathy. Ichthyotic disorders can be distinguished based on the patient’s history.
Other causes of acquired ichthyosis include :
General measures to manage the rash include:
Ongoing kava consumption will result inpersistence和likely progression of kava dermopathy.
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