Author: Dr Amanda Oakley, Dermatologist, Waikato Hospital, Hamilton, New Zealand, 2002.
Some细菌live on normal skin和cause no harm, such as some Staphylococcus species, Corynebacterium spp., Brevibacterium spp and Acinetobacter. Propionibacteria live in the头发folliclesof adult skin and contribute to粉刺。See DermNet's page on the微生物found on the skin。
Other conditions sometimes caused by or associated with bacterial infection include:
Laboratory tests for bacterial infectionsmay include:
轻微的细菌感染可能在没有治疗的情况下解决。然而，persistent和serious bacterial infections are treated with抗生素。这些可供选择localised厕采用 （面霜, gels,solutions), such as痤疮的抗生素, or as systemic treatment as tablets, capsules andintramuscular或静脉注射。
最好采取样品来测试哪种有机体在开始之前对感染负责感染。如果感染是严重的（例如，如果脑膜炎球菌病is suspected), immediate treatment with a broad-spectrum antibiotic may commence. Once the specific organism causing infection has been determined, the antibiotic may be changed to a narrow-spectrum antibiotic directed against this organism.
Antibiotics have important individual risks and societal impact and should not be prescribed or taken if they are not required or if they are unlikely to be of benefit, for example, if the infection is viral in origin.Adverse reactions包括皮肤effects。
188金宝搏guangwangDermnet NZ.does not provide an online consultation service. If you have any concerns with your skin or its treatment, see a dermatologist for advice.